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CERN library event

Ruben Verborgh will talk about "Linked Happily Ever After".

Abstract:

Linked Data has become an inevitable reality for many libraries. And that is a good thing, because it enables data integration at a scale that was not possible before. At the same time, it also comes with many challenges. What are the “good” ways of doing Linked Data? How can we do it efficiently, at a reasonable cost? And of course: how can we ensure that the efforts we do today pay off in the future? This last question is the main focus of this talk. I will explain what sustainability means in the context of Linked Data, and on which constants we can rely within an ever changing technological landscape. Expect a mix of vision and concrete advice, but mostly solid, down-to-earth discussions on what Linked Data will mean for libraries now and in the future.

The talk will be followed by a panel discussion with:

Beat Estermann, deputy head of the research unit Linked & Open Data at the E-Government Institute of the Bern University of Applied Sciences.

René Schneider, Professor for Information Science, Haute Ecole de Gestion, Geneva

About the speaker:

Ruben Verborgh is a researcher in semantic hypermedia at Ghent University – iMinds, Belgium and a postdoctoral fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders. He explores the connection between Semantic Web technologies and the Web’s architectural properties, with the ultimate goal of building more intelligent clients. Along the way, he became fascinated by Linked Data, REST/hypermedia, Web APIs, and related topics.

The talk will take place on Monday 5 December at 1530 in the Room Georges Charpak (Room F).

The talk is part of the series of "Library Science Talks" jointly organized by the Zentralbibliothek Zurich, CERN and the Association of International Librarians and Information Specialists (AILIS).

CERN library event

Marco Zito est physicien à l’Institut de recherche sur les lois fondamentales de l’Univers (Irfu) du CEA. Il a tenu pendant trois ans une chronique hebdomadaire consacrée à la physique des particules dans le journal Le Monde.

Il va presenter et dedicacer son livre "Dans le tourbillon des particules", Belin, 2015 (ISBN 9782701192772).

Accélérateurs géants, détecteurs complexes, particules énigmatiques... La physique subatomique peut sembler bien intimidante pour le novice. Et pourtant, qui n a jamais entendu parler du boson de Higgs et du CERN, le laboratoire européen où il a été découvert en 2012 ? Nul besoin d être un spécialiste pour comprendre de quoi il s agit. Aujourd hui, une théorie extraordinairement élégante, le Modèle Standard, décrit tous les résultats des expériences dans le domaine. Trente-sept particules élémentaires et quatre forces fondamentales : c est tout ce dont nous avons besoin pour expliquer la matière et l Univers ! Ce livre, destiné à un large public, raconte sans équations le long parcours qui a abouti au Modèle Standard. Ce parcours, parfois sinueux, a été entamé lorsque les Grecs anciens, et peut-être d autres avant eux, ont imaginé que la matière est composée de petites « billes ». Il faudra attendre plusieurs siècles pour qu on réalise que la matière, à l échelle microscopique, se comporte de façon paradoxale. Loin de l image des petites « billes », sa nature est plutôt proche de celles des ondes, comme les ondulations de l eau à la surface d un étang. Au cours du siècle dernier, les connaissances scientifiques ont progressé de façon fulgurante au fur et à mesure des progrès techniques. Les rayons X et leurs applications médicales, la supraconductivité, le transistor, Internet sont nés dans les laboratoires de physique. La science s est trouvée mêlée de près à l Histoire pour le meilleur comme pour le pire, avec quelques épisodes dramatiques comme le lâcher de bombes atomiques sur Hiroshima et Nagasaki. De ce tourbillon étrange ont émergé nos connaissances actuelles qui, nous le savons, ne sont pas complètes. Les dernières observations suggèrent l existence de nouvelles composantes dans l Univers, comme la mystérieuse matière noire. Les chercheurs sont à l oeuvre pour comprendre sa nature. Les bouleversements, du moins du côté de la recherche, ne sont pas finis...

 

Le soir du 16/11 a` 20h30 Marco Zito va donner une conference au Globe sur "Percer les secrets de la matière : la découverte des particules élémentaires et des forces fondamentales de l'Univers".

 

CERN library event

In quel preciso momento, un centesimo di miliardesimo di secondo dopo il Big Bang, si è deciso il nostro destino. In un universo in cui materia e antimateria si equivalevano, e che quindi avrebbe potuto, in ogni istante, tornare a essere pura energia, può essere bastata una leggerissima preferenza del bosone di Higgs per la materia anziché per l’antimateria ed ecco che si è prodotto il mondo che abbiamo sotto gli occhi. “Ecco qua il minuscolo difetto, la sottile imperfezione da cui è nato tutto. Un’anomalia che dà origine a un universo che può evolvere per miliardi di anni.” Se tutto nasce da lì, dobbiamo capire in ogni dettaglio quel momento cruciale, ricostruirlo fotogramma per fotogramma, al rallentatore e da diverse angolature. Per questo al Cern di Ginevra è stato realizzato Lhc, l’acceleratore di particelle più potente del mondo, il posto più simile al primo istante di vita dell’universo che l’uomo sia stato in grado di costruire. Per questo da anni i migliori fisici del mondo lavorano giorno e notte, ai quattro angoli del pianeta. È così che è stata catturata la “particella di Dio”. Ed è per questo che si studia ancora, per capire di più su come tutto questo è nato e su come andrà a finire la nostra storia: se nel freddo e nel buio o in una catastrofe cosmica, che ci darebbe il privilegio di un’uscita di scena assai più spettacolare.

Guido Tonelli è uno dei protagonisti di questa grande avventura, una delle guide di questo esercito di visionari. Qui racconta col piglio dell’esploratore cosa vuol dire affacciarsi oltre il limite estremo della conoscenza, cosa vuol dire fare la scoperta del secolo il giorno del proprio compleanno, cosa vuol dire capire come tutto è cominciato e come forse andrà a finire.

 

Il libro puo` essere acquistato durante la presentazione o preso in prestito presso la Biblioteca del CERN (bldg. 52, 1. piano).

 

Archival historical image

A suggestion to ease parking problems on the CERN site by allocating spaces didn’t go down well in 1965. Possibly the priority given to senior staff, and remarks about the benefits of an invigorating walk, gave offence. In any case, an alternative was proposed: 

‘May I suggest instead that “senior administrators, division leaders" and the like, be provided with sedan-chairs or palanquins, in which they could be transported swiftly and effortlessly from corner to corner of the site. Other members of the staff would of course function as bearers. This would not only provide them with invigorating exercise, but also inculcate a due sense of their social position.’

 

A worried prospective bearer suggested motor scooters, as used by nuns on the wards of an Illinois hospital, instead. To prevent congestion indoors, use of the corridors could be limited to senior staff. Other people would get from office to office via the window ledges, not only enjoying healthful exercise but also freeing up more parking spaces as staffing levels gradually decreased when they fell off. The suggestion does not seem to have been adopted, but remains on file

Archival historical image

Wolfgang Pauli is seen here with his former teacher Arnold Sommerfeld attending a conference on the electron theory of metals in Geneva, 1518 October 1934. The conference proceedings don’t mention any leisure activities, but these included a cable car trip up the nearby Salève mountain to enjoy views of Geneva town, the lake and the Alps. The Salève is in France and Sommerfeld had no French visa, so conference organiser Jean Weiglé obligingly smuggled him up to join the others in his car. 

Archival historical image

Official 25th anniversary celebrations were held on 25 June, but the fun and games happened on CERN’s real birthday, 29 September. As well as sports, sideshows, films, and Genevan Pipes and Drums, there was Happy Birthday, CERN, written and recorded for the occasion at Fermilab.

 

Verse three goes like this:

“Here's the toast we're proposing:    

may your future be greater,  

  And the budget imposing for your  

  next accelerator;    

May your staff be effective and   

your beams full of pep, 

  May you gain your objective of  

  constructing the LEP!” 

 

If you can bear to read more, scroll down to page four here - and take a look at one of one of the star attractions at the same time: the Fire Brigade’s 20-metre rescue chute.

CERN library event

World Scientific is going to present its publications for 2 days near Restaurant 1.

CERN library event

Springer is going to present its publications for 2 days near Restaurant 1.

CERN library event

CERN, the European Laboratory for particle physics, regularly makes the news. What kind of research happens at this international laboratory and how does it impact people's daily lives? Why is the discovery of the Higgs boson so important? Particle physics describes all matter found on Earth, in stars and all galaxies but it also tries to go beyond what is known to describe dark matter, a form of matter five times more prevalent than the known, regular matter. How do we know this mysterious dark matter exists and is there a chance it will be discovered soon? About sixty countries contributed to the construction of the gigantic Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN and its immense detectors. Dive in to discover how international teams of researchers work together to push scientific knowledge forward. Here is a book written for every person who wishes to learn a little more about particle physics, without requiring prior scientific knowledge. It starts from the basics to build a solid understanding of current research in particle physics. A good dose of curiosity is all one will need to discover a whole world that spans from the infinitesimally small and stretches to the infinitely large, and where imminent discoveries could mark the dawn of a huge revolution in the current conception of the material world.

"Who cares about particle physics",  by Pauline Gagnon,  Oxford University Press, 2016, ISBN 9780198783244
Thursday 15/09/2016 at 1600 in the Library (Bldg. 52-1-052)

Coffee will be served at 1530.

CERN library event

What does it have in common Swiss filmmaker Alain Tanner, Argentinian writer Jorge Luis Borges, french philosopher Voltaire, Spanish writer Cervantes, English playwright Shakespeare and Particle Physics? 

 

El Universo en un puñado de átomos is a chronicle about the relationship between literature, arts, science and technology around HEP. As a novelist interested in public understanding of science, author started these diary of the journey into the atom in April of 1992 interviewing Leon Lederman at Fermilab, later he visited DESY and finally, since 1998, he came to CERN and did "lab life", sometimes spending several weeks, even months, at CERN. Every year since then he have been interviewing particle hunters as many as he could. So, this book is supported by their testimonies given formally and informally (at the kitchen in the hostel, in the corridors, in the restaurants). It is a book written by an eyewitness who enjoys this "coven" of scientific knowledge. 

He tells the story of detectors and accelerators, rarely told in Spanish. It is a tribute to all of those trying to show us a version of a hidden reality.

The very same title has to do with Shakespeare´s play Hamlet. In Act II he replies to his comrades Rosencrantz and Guidenstern:
Ros. Why, then your ambition makes it one;
'tis too narrow for your mind.
Ham. O God! I could be bounded in a nut- 
shell, and count myself a king of infinite space, 
were it not that I have bad dreams. 

Therefore, it is a very Shakespearean and Cervantine book, because they just wanted to relate a good story. And this is the purpose of this book: relate an exciting, peculiar story.

The author has a wide audience among young readers in Spanish.

 "El Universo en un puñado de átomos" by Carlos Chimal, México, Tusquets, 2016

 

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